I met with a middle-aged couple yesterday from Prairieville. They wanted to get their legal affiars in order. They said that getting their legal affairs in order had been on their "to-do list" for a few years, and they were glad they were now getting it taken care of.
They were wanting to keep things as simple for themselves as possible. They indicated that they each wanted Wills leaving everything to the surviving spouse, and then after both spouses died, they wanted everything to go equally to their three adult children, who were 18, 19. and 21.
I let them know that, at least for now, they could not leave everything to each other. Since they still had children who were forced heirs (age 23 or younger), they are forced by Louisiana law to leave their children an inheritance.
I told them they could satisfy these forced heirship rules by leaving their surviving spouse the usufruct of their estate, and naming the three children as the naked owners. Under this scenario, protections would be in place after the first spouse dies to ensure that when the surviving spouse dies, the children of the first spouse to die will receive the inheritance from the first spouse to die.
Example. Mom dies and leaves the usufruct of her estate to Dad, and Mom's Will lists the three children as the naked owners. Mom dies. Years later, Dad remarries New Wife and changes his Will so that his estate goes to New Wife. Since Mom left the usufruct of her estate to Dad and names Mom's children as the naked owners, then when Dad later dies, Mom's estate must go to the children before any of Dad's estate can go to New Wife.
I've written quite a bit more about this in my book, "Estate Planning in Louisiana, A Layman's Guide," but if you have children who are 23 or younger, realize you will not be permitted to leave your estate entirely, in outright ownership, to your spouse. You must satisfy the Louisiana forced heirship rules.