I've seen many people over the years want to make changes to their existing last will and testament. Without knowing any better, they pull out their existing will, grab pen or pencil, and cross through the things they want to change while writing in replacement provisions.
For example, someone may want to change their executor. They feel that the previous executor they named (let's call him "Joe") is now a bum, and they want to replace Joe with Fred.
Or, let's say a Will provides a specific bequest either to an individual or charity of $100,000. But the testator now wants to change that bequest to $5,000.
There are a couple of Louisiana laws that are in play here. First, Louisiana law provides, in pertinent part, that a revocation of a testamentary provision occurs when the testator clearly revokes the provision or legacy by a signed writing on the testament itself.
So, the Louisiana rules are somewhat relaxed to permit the revocation of a provision in a last will by a signed writing that is not dated but which clearly revokes the provision.
However, regarding a replacement provision, the formalities are more stringent. Louisiana law provides that, "Any other modification of a testament must be in one of the forms prescribed for testaments.
Example: A woman pulls out her old will naming Joe as the executor. She scratches through Joe's name, writes in Fred's name, and signs the change. The result would be that Joe is no longer the executor because she revoked the provision by a signed writing, but Fred will not be the executor, because this modification is not in one of the forms prescribed for testaments - it does not meet the formality requirements of an olographic testament because it is not dated.
Be very careful when you attempt to change your Will. Your safest bet is to work with an attorney who understands the rules as they relate to revocations and modifications of testaments.
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Louisiana Estate Planning Attorney
Phone: (225) 329-2450